Read Write Inc

At Gidea Park we follow the Read Write Inc phonics scheme. Children from Reception through to Year 2 have daily, focused teaching to build the requisiste skills to enable them to read with increasing independence and confidence. Interventions are put in place for any children who need additional support, be this in Reception right through into Key Stage 2 after the whole class phonics scheme is complete.

At Home

To support your child with their reading at home, Read Write Inc provides some videos to demonstrate to parents how phonics is taught and allow for consistency of approach between home and school. More are available directly from their YouTube channel.


Please see below for a full breakdown of phonic sounds in each set, including memorable phrases and rhymes used to aid memory.

Set 1 Sounds

m: maisie, mountain, mountain

a: round the apple, down the leaf

s: slither down the snake

d: round the dinosaur’s back, up his tall neck and down to his feet

t: town the tower, across the tower

i: down the insects body, dot for the head

n: down Nobby and over the net

p: down the plait, up and over the pirate’s face

g: round the girls face, down her hair and give her a curl

o: all around the orange

c: curl around the caterpillar

k: down the kangaroo’s body, tail and leg

u: down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle

b: down the laces, over the toe and touch the heel

f: down the stem and draw the leaves

e: slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg

l: down the long leg

h: down the horse’s head, to the hooves and over his back

r: down the robot’s back, then up and curl

j: down his body, curl and dot

v: down a wing, up a wing

y: down a horn, up a horn and under the yak’s head

w: down, up, down, up the worm

z: zig-zag-zig, down the zip

x: cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way

sh: slither down the snake, then down the horse’s head, to the hooves and over his back

th: down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head, to the hooves and over his back

ch: curl around the caterpillar, then down the horse’s head, to the hooves and over his back

qu: round the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl

ng: a thing on a string

nk: I think I stink

Set 2 Sounds

ay: may I play  

ee: what can you see 

igh: fly high  

ow: blow the snow  

oo: poo at the zoo  

oo: look at the book 

ar: start the car 

or: shut the door  

air: that’s not fair 

 ir: whirl and twirl  

ou: shout it out  

oy: toy to enjoy 

Set 3 Sounds

ea: cup of tea
oi: spoil the boy
a-e: make a cake
i-e: nice smile
o-e: phone home
u-e: huge brute
aw: yawn at dawn
are: share and care
ur: purse for a nurse
er: a better letter
ow: brown cow
ai: snail in the rain
oa: goat in a boat
ew: chew the stew
ire: fire fire!
ear: hear with your ear
ure: sure it’s pure
tion: (celebration)
tious / cious: (scrumptious / delicious)
e: he me we she be

Read Write Inc Glossary

Speed sounds – the individual sounds that make up words

Special friends – a combination of two or three letters representing one sound, e.g. sh, ng, igh

Fred talk – say each sound in a word e.g. c-a-t, sh-ee-p, f-l-igh-t

Read the word - blend the sounds together and say the whole word

Fred finger spelling - teaches children to break down words into individual sounds then press each sound onto their fingers before writing.

Red words: common words with an uncommon spelling that cannot be phonetically sounded out e.g. said, you, the

Year 1 Phonics Screening

At the end of Year 1, all children will participate in the statutory Phonics Screening Check to assess their phonic abilities. Any children who are unable to achieve the required score at this stage will take a follow up assessment in Year 2, after receiving additional targeted support.